The project was carried out in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration. Sixty two percent of the total student body is female [ 13 ]. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption patterns among college students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for six situations, namely for insufficient sleep, to increase energy in generalwhile studying, driving long periods of time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse side effects and energy drink use dose effects among college energy drink users.
Conclusion Using energy drinks is a popular practice among college students for a variety of situations. Similar to the booming energy drink market, the size of the energy drink container has increased over fold; Monster energy offers consumers a 23 ounces option [ 3 ].
Energy drinks have sugar-containing and sugar-free versions. Energy drinks typically contain 80 to mg of caffeine per 8 ounces, the equivalent of five ounces of coffee or two ounce cans of caffeinated soft drink such as Mountain Dew, Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola or Dr.
Riesenhuber and colleagues found that the caffeine but not taurine in energy drinks promotes diuresis and natriuresis [ 7 ]. Participants who indicated "yes" to Question 3 were instructed to continue the survey, which assessed the type of energy drink usually consumed regular or sugar-freeside effects associated with energy drink use jolt and crash episodes, headaches, heart palpitationsand six situations for energy drink use insufficient sleep, needing more energy in generalstudying for an exam or to complete a major course project, driving a car for a long time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover.
An alpha level of. The research assistants first ensured that those they approached were students at the university and that the student had not previously completed the questionnaire.
Results A total of participants, aged Although for the majority of situations assessed, users consumed one energy drink with a reported frequency of 1 — 4 days per month, many users consumed three or more when combining with alcohol while partying.
Do energy drinks provide the consumer an extra burst of energy as the advertisements would have you believe?
Caffeine was found to be the primary constituent responsible for these effects. We initially interviewed a focus group of 32 college students who were enrolled in a senior-level course. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among college students in the United States.
Future research should identify if college students recognize the amounts of caffeine that are present in the wide variety of caffeine-containing products that they are consuming, the amounts of caffeine that they are consuming in various situations, and the physical side effects associated with caffeine consumption.
Based on the focus group responses we developed a item questionnaire.
Table 1 Situations of energy drink use among college energy drink users in an average month for the current semester Situation. However, caffeine can have harmful physical consequences. Central nervous system, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and renal dysfunction have been associated with chronic caffeine ingestion [ 11 ].
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Further, side effects from consuming energy drinks are fairly common, and a significant dose effect was found with jolt and crash episodes.
The institution is a state university, located in the Central Atlantic region of the United States.
Although there is no human requirement for caffeine, even low doses of caffeine Pepper [ 2 ]. Background Energy drink consumption has continued to gain popularity since the debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market [ 1 ].
Each of the six situation questions had two follow up questions that assessed the average number of energy drinks consumed for that situation for example, how many energy drinks do you drink at one time following a night of not getting enough sleep?
In sum, the caffeine in energy drinks will provide the consumer the desirable effects of increased alertness, improved memory, and enhanced mood. Energy drinks, including Red Bull, Amp, Monster, Rock Star, Rip It, Full Throttle, and Cocaine, are designed to give the consumer a "jolt" of energy provided by the combination of stimulants and "energy boosters" that they provide, including caffeine, herbal extracts such as guarana, ginseng, and ginkgo biloba, B vitamins, amino acids such as taurine, amino acid derivatives such as carnitine, and sugar derivatives, including glucuronalactone and ribose [ 1 ].
Smit and colleagues found that energy drinks, as compared to placebo, had energizing effects among 18 to 55 year old participants, with effects being strongest 30 to 60 minutes after consumption and sustained at least 90 minutes [ 5 ].A single serving of a pre-made energy drink for about $ each.
A 2-month supply of a powdered energy drink for about $ (equal to buying cans) Select the reason(s) you like energy drinks. Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market.
Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among.
Therefore the purpose of this study was to determine (1) the energy drink consumption practices among student-athletes, (2) the prevalence and frequency of intake of energy drinks and (3) reasons why athletes consume energy drinks.
On a scale of 1 to 5, 5 being the most effective, how effective would you say these energy drinks are? Question Title * 5. On a scale of 1 to 5, 5 being the most effective, how effective would you say these energy drinks are? Oct 31, · Energy drink consumption has continued to gain popularity since the debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market.
More than new energy drinks were launched worldwide in and beverage companies are reaping the financial rewards of the billion dollar energy drink industry. Hello: You are invited to participate in our survey [Energy drinks consumer survey].
It will take approximately minutes to complete the questionnaire. It will take approximately minutes to complete the questionnaire.Download