Find it on the shelf at call number HV An increasing number of reported instances in which law enforcement personnel have been accused of targeting certain minority groups has cast a spotlight on racial profiling, as well as increased tensions and debate over the legitimacy of the practice for various reasons Institute on Race and Justice, Throughout history, conflicts and tensions between police officers and communities of color have endured.
Those of Middle Eastern descent face profiling in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Defining Racial Profiling There is no single agreed upon definition of racial profiling.
Does the Arizona immigration law constitute racial profiling? Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Racial Profiling study guide and get instant access to the following: Research, Racism, and Resistance This eBook examines racial profiling as an element used to usher men of color into a justice system that is racially ordered in many aspects.
When the profiling lesson was distorted, officers began targeting black and Hispanic drivers, pulling over male drivers with A research on racial profiling racial characteristics under the The war A research on racial profiling drugs gained intensity in the s, with the introduction of crack cocaine into mainstream America Pampel, Inas the war against drugs continued, the Drug Enforcement Agency DEA began training police officers across the country in recognizing a profile of a drug courier, based on intelligence gathered in how drugs were transported and introduced to various drug markets.
Racial profiling was first termed during the war on drugs in the s and s, when police officers were accused of pulling over motorists based on race and then searching their vehicles for illegal substances.
Statistics have shown that African-American individuals are much more likely to be arrested and imprisoned than white Americans. Racial profiling has been used to justify finding drug smugglers, terrorists, and undocumented immigrants.
Law enforcement officers have long used profiling to help them gain understanding about the likely characteristics of the perpetrator of a crime, including but not limited to age, sex, race, and observed behaviors Institute on Race and Justice, How prevalent is racial profiling?
Blacks were also three times more likely than whites to be searched during traffic stops Kerby, While this type of profiling has often been seen as unfair and biased, law enforcement agencies consider it a necessary practice to intercept possible criminal activity before it occurs Pampel, Police have used profiling to target the characteristics of certain individuals as more likely to commit certain types of crimes, often observed by police officers.
During the years of slavery, blacks were not allowed to leave their plantations without passes, and they could be questioned or detained by any white individual without any reason for suspicion.
References and suggestions for further reading follow each article. The practice of racial profiling by law enforcement agencies was begun during the late s, as police officers worked to capture drug traffickers.
As of60 percent of all imprisoned men were African American, and 1 in every 15 African American men was in prison versus 1 in every white men. After slavery was outlawed, many states continued to control African Americans through curfews and the use of Jim Crow laws throughout the South Pampel, Are there laws to combat racial profiling?
Many people equate the war on drugs as beginning the controversy regarding racial profiling. The definition across the literature ranges from including race, ethnicity, or nationality as a consideration when deciding to apply law enforcement procedures, to using race, ethnicity, or nationality as the only consideration when deciding to apply law enforcement procedures.
How has the "War on Terror" affected racial profiling? The intelligence garnered by the DEA gave birth to Operation Pipeline, the knowledge of the relationship between drug networks and drug markets, and how drugs were transported between each.
Where Do I Find Books? The public perception of the acceptability of racial profiling varies under circumstances.Dec 22, · The bulk of research on racial profiling concerns the causal dynamics of racial profiling and typically emerges from the conflict framework.
For example, in a recent study, researchers used conflict theory to discuss the police–minority relationship and how the law is differentially enforced against minorities in order to protect white.
The intersection of racial profiling research and the law Rob Tillyer⁎, Robin S. Engel, John Wooldredge Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, P.
O. BoxCincinnati, OHUnited States Abstract There has been a significant increase in the litigation of selective enforcement cases based on racial profiling claims. Racial profiling is a contentious issue in US law enforcement policy.
The practice of using race as a part of a profile when attempting to identify or curb criminal activity has been used in various ways, including pulling individuals over on highways and questioning airline passengers and individuals at border crossings. Racial Profiling Term Paper Words | 7 Pages.
Racial profiling is a popular method used by law officers in order to hypothetically enhance crime prevention by targeting minorities, because they are more likely to commit a crime. Below is a sample of research about traffic stops.
The studies highlight various approaches researchers have taken to assess racial profiling in traffic stops: Several studies have searched for replacements for the residential census as a benchmark.
Racial differences. Until now, analysts have used two fairly simple statistical tests to look for patterns of racial profiling. The first test, known as benchmarking, involves comparing search rates for people of different ethnicities.Download